As we age, changes occur in all layers the face. The bones shrink and remodel; muscles and fat layers thin and the skin loses elasticity. This results in deflation and descent of the soft tissues over the shrinking bony facial skeleton and results in the typical ageing signs we experience.
Smoking, sunlight exposure and poor diet and lack of exercise accelerate these changes; improving in these lifestyle factors can help to slow them down.
Skincare products containing an SPF for daytime use and cosmeceutical products containing active ingredients such as retinol, vitamins B,C,E, ferulic acid, AHAs, PHA and hyaluronic acid are also recommended to improve the health and appearance of the skin.
More advanced interventions to rejuvenate the face include chemical peels, microneedling, botulinum toxin, dermal filler and fat pad remodelling can help to restore a youthful facial contour, reduce wrinkles and/or acne scarring and improve the appearance of the skin.
Surgical procedures are recommended for more advanced changes to remove redundant tissues from around the eyes (blepharoplasty) and brow (brow lift).